Polka Dot Plant Propagation – By Seeds, Stem in Water

Polka Dot Plant Propagation – By Seeds, Stem in Water

Before I tell you how to propagate a polka dot plant, let me first clarify that it is a flowering plant that was developed for its exquisite, distinctive, and vibrant leaves. This plant’s scientific name is Hypoestes phyllostachya, and it is primarily found on the continents of Southeast Asia and South Africa. They also go by the name “freckle face,” and they typically choose warmer surroundings over colder ones. If you observe leaves with dots of a different hue, they could be pink, green, or red, making them multicolored foliage. Due to its enormous popularity, gardeners like myself propagate polka dot plants so that we may increase their number and share it with our neighbors in case they also want to grow some of these polkas.

Polka dot Propagation Gardener tips

The two ways that have been utilized for many years to propagate polka dot plants are simple. The optimal seasons for propagation are the summer and spring. It can be done with cuttings or seeds. In all methods, your Polka dot cutting requires adequate water, and in the early days it must be moist in well-drained soil. Check for potholes as well. Since root germination can only occur in damp soil and constant water retention is required, they require indirect sunshine on certain days and no direct sunlight on others. Don’t water it too much or make it too wet, though.

When you remove two or three leaves, the roots begin to produce more, which in this case also increases rooting. These plants can be grown in temperatures between 66 and 79 degrees Fahrenheit and with medium amounts of humidity as early as the first day.

How to Propagate Polka Dot Plant using Seed

When starting polka dot plant seed propagation, you must wait until the growing seed heads are dry before removing the seeds. Once dried, these seeds can be removed at any time, but you can only store and plant them during the spring or summer growing season. For the soil, create a well-drained potting mixture using perlite to improve drainage and prevent rot in your plant. This method is especially beneficial for small seeds.

Although the seeds of polka dot plants can germinate their roots in warm temperatures, they require some moisture and humidity to establish their roots. While seeds can germinate in temperatures as low as 55 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit, 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit is optimum for plants. It takes about 10 to 15 days for any development to appear. Make three to four holes in a plastic bag and place it over your plant to stimulate roots. This will allow air to reach the polka-dot plant. Don’t place the pot in direct sunlight; instead, place it in a shaded area.

Once it begins to grow and becomes large, move it outside into a spot with some partial sunlight, and make sure your soil is healthy and rich.


Why are they also dramatic? because if you don’t give them water, the plant will start to wilt or appear to be dying, but it is only a sign that the polka dot plant needs water, and as soon as you provide it to them, they start to grow once more.

Polka dot Plant propagation in Water

All you need for water propagation is a bottle with water in it. Polka dot plant propagation requires little maintenance, and you may do it without ever getting your hands filthy. Cut a 2 to 5 inch stem using a sterilized cutting tool, making sure it is disease-free and healthy. These cuttings will develop roots in a matter of days rather than months or weeks; all you need to do is place the stem inside the water bottle for this to happen.

Remove any leaves from the 2 inch plant’s base (if you take 5 inch stem cutting). As a backup, use two cuttings rather than one. You are letting the nodes to open and form roots from there when you trim the bottom leaves. Place it in a window where it will only receive indirect sunlight, and after a short while, you might notice that it has begun to produce leaves and subsequently stems. You can put it in the pot once it has developed some roots. In order to prevent bacterial infections, change the water every three days.

Try it now that you have mastered the technique.

Polka dot Plant Cutting

Polka dot Plant Cutting

Once the stem cutting has been inserted into the potting mixture, use any plastic bottle (2 ltr) and cut off the bottom. Next, you must cover the plant with this plastic bottle and make a few little holes on it to allow the plants to breathe and create humidity. Place them in a shaded area and check on them every three days; you could see that their leaves are beginning to sprout. Once it has grown, you can repot it into a bigger pot and move it into some partial light.

Polka dot plant cutting wilting

The polka dot plant may wilt or lose leaves if the soil becomes too dry or if you neglect to water it. Do not overwater your plant; you want the soil to be moist, not soggy. Overwatering can cause other issues, such as the yellowing of the leaves. If you water the soil the following day, check to see if it is about 2 inches dry. Pour water if it’s dry; otherwise, don’t overwater.

Polka dot plant care

It is simple to take care of the polka dot plant by making sure it receives water when it needs it and putting it in a location where it won’t be attacked by pests. Stay away from overfertilizing and excessive watering. Read a thorough article about polka dot plant maintenance.

How to pinch back polka dot plant

When pinching, a finger is used to grasp a stem or some leaves. With a polka dot plant, you can squeeze any overgrown stem segments or uneven polka dot foliage back with your thumb, index, and middle fingers. For plants like polka, we can easily accomplish it by pinching back and using both hands to grip the other part of the plant so it doesn’t pull away the entire plant. You can also use pruners that may aid you, but most of the time we gardeners can also do it with our own plants.

Can you propagate Polka Dot plant in water?

The simple response is yes. Polka dot plant propagation is simple and doesn’t require messy hands. Pruners, a tiny glass, and water are all that are required. Cut any stem that is 3-5 inches long and in good health. Put it in the water-filled glass. Wait 8 to 13 days for it to start growing. Glass allows you to observe the rooting process in real time. Otherwise, root development in opaque glass or containers won’t be seen.

How long do polka dot plants take to propagate?

How long do polka dot plants take to propagate?

Wrap up

If you read through all the problems I presented on “Polka Dot Plant Propagation,” I hope you find the solution. If you’re interested in reading more posts, please visit the links below.