Before I tell you about the different varieties of aloe plants, let me just say that anyone living in zones 8 to 11 can easily cultivate aloe. While it is not limited to that, succulents are wonderful houseplants since they can withstand a range of temperatures. Let’s learn more about the most common aloe plant varieties.
Aloe plant species include Barbadensis Miller, Crosby’s Prolific, Aloe Aculeata, Rubroviolacea, and Aloe Albida, also known as “Grass Aloe.” Aloe elata, Aloe ballyi, and Aloe ruspoliana are some more dangerous aloe plants to be aware of. You should also avoid eating aloe vera var. chinensis.
Due to its advantages for the skin and general health, aloe plants are already common indoor plants. There are numerous aloe vera plant variants that are closely related to or resemble aloe plants.
Table of Contents
Types of Aloe Plant
|Aloe Plant Varieties
|Van Balen’s Aloe (Aloe vanbalenii)
|Aloe Barbifolia Mill.
|Aloe Saponaria (Saponaria officinalis L.)
|Tree Aloe (Aloe barberae)
|Aloe Perrottetiana (Perrottetia perrottetiana)
|Stinging Aloe (Aloe polyphylla var. aurantiaca Lam.)
|ShortLeaf Aloe (Aloe brevifolia)
|Aloe capitata var. quartziticola
|Red Aloe (Aloe rubrobrunnescens Hochst. ex A. Rich.)
|Guido Aloe (A. Guineense Retz.)
|Aloe Cameronii (Aloe cameronii Aiton)
|Tiger Tooth Aloe (Aloe saponaria Dunal)
|Red Aloe (A. parviflora L.)
|Aloe Mollis Miller
|Aloe Petricola (Aloe petricola Baker)
|Cape Aloe (Aloe ferox)
|Thorny Aloe (Aloe spp.)
|Malagasy Tree Aloe (Aloe vaombe)
|Grass Aloe (Aloe striatula Willd.)
|Sand Aloe (Aloe hereroensis)
|Barbados Aloe (Aloe barbadensis)
|Aloe Indica L.
|Green Flowered Aloe (A. gerrardii F. Muell.)
|Arabian Aloe (Aloe rubroviolacea)
|Aloe Australis (Aloe australis Mill.)
|Common Aloe (A. arborescens Burm.f.)
|Aloe Barbadosensis Miller
|Blue Aloe (Aloe brevibracteata Warb.)
|Green Aloe (A. schweinfurthii Engl.)
|Mountain Aloe (Aloe marlothii)
|Yellow Aloe (A. arborescens Haw.)
|Ultenhage Aloe (A. ulteriectum A. Chev.)
|African Aloe (A. Africana Lam.)
|White Aloe (Aloe nobilis L.)
|Aloe Crosby’s Prolific Aloe (A. clypeolata)
|Aloe Speciosa Miller
|Snake Aloe (Aloe broomii)
|Flexing Aloe (A. ferox Mill.)
|Cape Speckled Aloe (Aloe microstigma)
|Soap Aloe (Aloe maculata)
|Aloe Plectranthi (Plectranthus scutellarioides)
|Mauritius Aloe (A. elliptica Hook.f.)
|Green Aloe (Aloe luzulifolia Sond.)
|Aloe Polyphylla (Polyphyllus Africanus)
|Spiral Aloe (A. gerrardii Baker f.)
|Lace Aloe (A. filicaulis Schott)
|Fan Aloe (Aloe plicatilis)
|White Aloe (A. littoralis Boiss.)
|Torch Plant (Aloe aristata)
|Sunset Aloe (Aloe dichotoma Burm. f.)
|Coral Aloe (Aloe striata)
|Pink Flowered Aloe (Aloe perryana Baker)
|French Aloe (A. ferox Miller)
|Aloe Javanica Burm.f.
|Aloe x principis
|Aloe Barbata (Aloe barbata Mill.)
|TiltHead Aloe (Aloe speciosa)
|Sri Lankan Aloe (A. roxburghii Sond.)
|Golden Toothed Aloe (Aloe nobilis)
|Torch Aloe (Aloe arborescens)
|Yellow Aloe (Aloe arborescens Miller)
1 . Aloe Crosby’s Prolific
Although the plant is green and develops rosettes, Aloe crosby’s prolific is an evergreen succulent that has long leaves with white teeth-like spikes. If given a big container to grow in, the Crosby’s prodigious can spread to 10–14 inches and grow to a height of over 11 inches (14–29 inches).
Given that it can readily survive for a few days without water, you shouldn’t worry about watering it. Only water your plants when you notice that the soil feels dry.
They can be used in succulent gardens, garden beds, and container pots. They are also resistant to deer and have orange-red flower blossoms. Because they don’t like too much light, protect the plant from direct sunshine.
If you are planting Crosby’s Prolific in your garden, make sure to give each plant a space of 23 inches (55–60 cm). It has room to spread in this manner.
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2 . Aloe Barbadensis Miller
The aloe plant species most frequently found is aloe barbadensis miller. Aloe vera is its scientific name, and according to Healthline, it has the ability to repair burnt skin, as well as cure heartburn, lower blood pressure, and enhance general health. I even know a lot of the businesses that make face wash and lotions that can treat skin issues by using plants like aloe.
Additionally, the green leaves of this barbadensis miller have white specks all over them and in the middle. It does produce flowers that range in color from yellow to red, and they resemble red hot poker plants greatly.
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3 . Aloe broomii (Snake Aloe)
Aloe broomii, another attractive aloe, grows in a circular shape that is light green in color with brownish tips. The leaves are around one foot long and have a relatively short stem (25-30cm).
Additionally, they are among the fastest-growing aloe species, expanding to their full size in less than 6 years. Aloe broomii may live in both full sun and moderate shade, however it prefers partial shade. The outermost leaf may completely darken and drop off while the middle leaves continue to grow.
The first few days of root formation require moist soil, therefore after you start growing your broomii it needs deep watering so the small roots get water appropriately.
Although you may grow them in any soil, they do best in a combination of cacti and succulents with perlite. They can easily adjust to changing climatic conditions.
4 . Aloe Ciliaris
Another variety of aloe vera, Aloe ciliaris, features long, curled-up leaves as well as tiny white spikes all over the leaf. It is one of the plants that grows long, cylindrical orange flowers that are grouped together on separate stems. Due to its rapid growth, Aloe ciliaris is also known as climbing aloe. This succulent aloe type is perfect for anyone looking for an aloe that may generate curly leaves. It can be cultivated both inside and outside. It will undoubtedly draw more butterflies if it’s outside. An added benefit is that you don’t need to worry about propagation because aloe ciliaris is a relatively simple plant to cultivate and keep. It is an appealing plant.
One more thing: although not invasive, these kinds of aloe plants need to be pruned because they can even approach other areas of the plant. Trim the aloe ciliaris using a pruning instrument that has been sanitized.
5 . Aloe Brevifolia
A beautiful succulent with short leaves and white hairs (spines) around the edges of its green leaves is called Aloe Brevifolia. They grow in a rosette and are quite pleasant plants. The Asphodeloideae family includes the South African-native Aloe brevifolia plant. You can predict the height of this plant would be 1-2 feet tall and width 1-2 feet. They need full sun, but you may also grow them in areas with some shade and some light.
They can tolerate deer, and their ideal growing range is 55 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. In the winter, they can tolerate 25 degrees Fahrenheit as well. Red flowers grow in the fall and occasionally in the winter.
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6 . Aloe Plicatilis
Another aloe species with red flowers, Aloe plicatilis, is a member of the Aloeaceae family. They are indigenous to South Africa and are typically found growing in the full sun, so sure, they can withstand the harsh sunshine. Aloe plicatilis has a height of 5-8 feet tall and a width that would be approximately 5-8 equivalent to their size since they grow large enough when exposed to a lot of light. Additionally, they can tolerate deer and tolerate winter temperatures of at least 20 degrees. Since they appreciate low water, do not overwater them.
I don’t have the fan-shaped leaves that Aloe plicatilis has. It appears so unusual because of this. While the leaves are pale green, the margins appear to be orange. Due to the nectar in them, butterflies and birds are drawn to it.
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7 . Aloe Striata
Aloe striata is a stunning succulent that, when viewed from the front, resembles a lotus flower with petals unfolding. They are arranged in a circle and have tones of light green. It originates in South Africa and is a member of the Aloeaceae family. The hue of the flower appears to fluctuate from orange to red, and it can bloom anywhere between late spring and October. Aloe striata occasionally blooms in the early fall.
Its height is roughly 2-3 feet, and its breadth is about 1-2 feet. Although you can still grow them in areas with some shadow or partial sunlight, the growth will be slower. They primarily love sunlight. Aloe striata can withstand deer and temperatures of 20 to 25 degrees Fahrenheit.
8 . Aristaloe aristata (Lace Aloe)
One of the cute-looking succulents in the aloe vera family is this one. The entire body of the aristaloe aristata’s dark green leaves is covered in tiny white spikes. They have rapid growth and are easily winter-tolerant. They can draw hummingbirds and bees to the area with the lovely beauty of their pink blossoms. They can withstand zone 8a. If cultivated in big container pots, this plant can spread to at least 6 inches (15 cm) in width and 8 inches (20 cm) in height. Also known as the torch plant or lace aloe. It also produces rossotte, which like all succulent plants prefer water.
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9 . Aloe Marlothii
Aloe marlothii, another succulent, may grow to a height of 8 to 10 feet. The plant features huge orange-red leaves with small red spines and orange-red flowers that resemble red poker plants. In the winter, it can withstand temperatures of up to 25 °F, but they prefer full sun. When cultivated in an open space, they have the potential to grow larger, their older leaves slanting to one side while their newer leaves standing straight, creating a skirt for their strong trunk. It is a member of the Asphodelaceae family and is also referred to as mountain aloe.
10 . Aloe Microstigma
It is sometimes referred to as cape speckled aloe and is succulent-looking and eye-catching. Although the plant initially had somewhat green leaves, the stress from the environment caused them to turn red or brownish. They have tiny white spots and crimson borders to their spines. Aloe microstigma can reach heights of up to 20 inches (60 cm) and widths of about 20 inches (30-50cm). When fully grown, they can grow up to 3 feet tall (80-90 cm). It’s a succulent that originated in South Africa.
11 . Aloe Ferox
It is a variety of aloe vera plant with a single stem from which all of the leaves emerge. Their leaves are big and feature reddish brown teeth, and they grow to be over 10 feet (2.5–3 m) tall. As a member of the Asphodelaceae family, Aloe ferox is also known as bitter aloe. It stands over 2-4 feet from the leaves thanks to the orange to crimson blossoms that develop larger to skip the leaves.
12 . Aloe Rubroviolacea
They are succulent evergreen perennials that draw hummingbirds. If grown outdoors in an open area, they can reach heights of up to 2-3 feet (60-89 cm) and widths of up to 5-6 feet (120-180 cm). They are Saudi Arabian and Yemeni in origin. Additionally, it has a circular form with some leaves curled at the bottom and others at the top. Its leaves are green but turn reddish when exposed to sunlight, and its spines are red in hue. You can see how the plant’s general color shifts to a more reddish or purplish tone.
13 . Aloe Aculeata
It is also one of the varieties of aloe plants that is distinctive in terms of look, since the inverted cone-shaped aloe has white spines all over it. Aloe aculeata, which is a member of the Asphodelaceae family, is also referred to as sekope, ngopanie, and red hot poker aloe. It can withstand a wide range of climatic conditions and bears orange-yellow blossoms. The majority of these plants can be found on rocky terrain, open desert, and woodlands. They originated in South Africa, specifically in Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Although they can be planted in full shadow if the area doesn’t receive direct sunlight after 12 o’clock, these succulents prefer partial shade.
14 . Aloe Cameronii
Another aloe vera type that is well-known and attractive because to its vividly colored leaf is aloe cameronii. These evergreens have a rosettes-like structure and may start out with green leaves that eventually become scarlet from exposure to sunlight. Aloe cameronii requires on the container or garden area, water, sunlight, and healthy soil to grow up to 1-2 feet tall (or 30-60 cm) and spread out to around 3-4 feet (60-120 cm). They can work well in both rock and succulent gardens. It works best if you plant it in the garden, but you can put it in a fully shaded, well-lit space. They can draw flies, beads, and hummingbirds and tolerate deer.
15 . Aloe Maculata
They are members of the Asphodelaceae family and also go by the names zebra aloe and soap aloe. They reach heights of nearly 17 feet (42 cm) and are roughly 24 inches (60cm). They are best suited for succulent gardens, seaside gardens, and beds because they can resist deer. They prefer moist, well-drained soil that can withstand dry days and go without water for a few days. It has leaves that are green with white spots all over them. The leaves of the soap aloe also include spikes, which are also known as the plant’s “tooth,” which serve to protect it from animals. In late spring to early winter, they do produce orange flowers.
16 . Aloe Arborescens
A flowering succulent from South Africa, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Mozambique is called Aloe Arborescens. Other names for it include krantz aloe and candelabra aloe. Its flowers are crimson and its leaves are all green, just like a red hot poker plant. It is between 6 and 8 feet (70 and 100 inches) height and measures the same distance across. According to Wikipedia, it can grow to a height of over 9.8 feet, which is tree-like (108 inches). The spherical structure can be 18 inches diameter and is resistant to deer. In general, they like sunlight, but if you don’t have a direct light location, you might grow this in shade. However, the growth will be slower than that of other plants that are growing in full to partial sunlight. It can endure temperatures between 20 and 30 degrees Fahrenheit. They need little water, but the soil has to be moist for good plant growth.
17 . Aloe Hereroensis
The aloe hereroensis is a perennial succulent with blue-green leaves that turn scarlet when exposed to sunshine. The younger plants appear to have short stems, but otherwise the plant is entirely covered with foliage. If planted outside in an open space, it can grow to a height of 1-2 feet and a spread of 2-3 feet (over 19 inches). They enjoy both direct sunlight and some shade. Typically, the plant’s orange blossoms are orange in color, and it is indigenous to South West Africa. This plant doesn’t need much water, therefore you should only provide it when the soil seems dry to the touch.
18 . Aloe Capitata Var. Quartzitic La
Aloe Capitata is another variety of aloe vera that is perennial, evergreen, and grows to a height of over 2-3 feet (24- 36 inches). These grow well enough that they easily spread to 18 inches (60–90 cm) in the broad light or take longer to spread if grown in the shade. These plants are best used in succulent gardens, borders, and beds since they are resistant to deer. They have milky-blue foliage that has the potential to turn violet when exposed to sunlight. Frost is not a problem for aloe capitata, and it may be cultivated in many cold climates. They are simple to grow and maintain, which draws bees and birds to the nectar of their flowers. They are raised in big garden containers. They grow on a 90 cm long flower stalk that is native to Madagascar.
19 . Aloe Petricola
Cactus-succulent plant Aloe petricola prefers to grow in full sunlight, however it may also be grown in moderate shade. Large containers, patios, beds, and succulent gardens are the greatest places for them. They are low water-demanding perennial evergreen plants from the aloes family. They feature rosette-like formations with blue-gray leaves with pointy tips and are also referred to as stone aloe. Additionally, they have spines on the middle of the rear of the leaves as well as the edges. From the tips to the entire leaf, they turn scarlet in sunshine; otherwise, they are initially green. It features flowers that resemble red hot poker plants, however they are yellowish and crimson at first before slowly turning red.
Aloe petricola can expand out to a height of 18 to 24 inches (45 to 61 cm) and a width of up to three feet (60 to 100 cm), so if you’re growing a plant next to it, leave a spacing of approximately 90 cm (36 inch).
20 . Aloe Polyphylla
One of the lovely plants, Aloe polyphylla, has a spiral pattern that makes it ideal for enhancing the beauty of our yard. It is an evergreen succulent with a height of more than one foot (30 cm) and a maximum height of nearly two feet (60 cm). It has densely packed, gray-green leaves that form a spiral rosette pattern. Additionally, every leaf has pale green spines along its margins, and when exposed to sunlight, the tips of every leaf turn red.
It works well in beds, borders, patios, rock gardens, and succulent gardens. Additionally, it enjoys full sunlight. If planted in a container, it just needs a little water, so don’t overwater them. Despite the fact that they are designed to grow in gardens due to their structure. Similar to aloe vera, it does produce flowers from spring through summer, but that doesn’t guarantee that it will bloom the following year.
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21 . Aloe africana
Aloe africana, often referred to as spiny aloe and Uitenhage Aloe, is a species of aloe that may reach heights of over 6 feet and widths of up to 4 feet. Long green-bluish leaves grow straight upward in a tree-like fashion. Similar to red hot poker plants, it features inverted cone-shaped blossoms with flowers that range in color from yellow to reddish to orange. From a distance, it also looks like an octopus. Older bottom leaves have a shirt-like appearance, whilst the upper portion more closely resembles an octopus with lengthy arms and legs. Its edge is adorned with equal-spaced ruby spikes. The Asphodelaceae family includes the South African-native Aloe Africana.
22 . Aloe principis
Similar to aloe principis, the majority of aloe species share the same form and structure. It is a perennial succulent that may grow to a height of over 8 feet (270 cm) and a width of roughly 5 to 6 feet (100-180cm). They work well in rock gardens, Mediterranean gardens, and beds and borders. It likewise has long leaves with pointed spines on the margins and is indigenous to South Africa. You may anticipate the flower to bloom in late fall to early spring. The flowers are typically orange in hue. Because the flower contains nectar, numerous birds are drawn to it. Do not overwater these plants because they require little water.
23 . Aloe Nobilis
Also called as gold-tooth aloe, these perennial succulents can reach a height of 24 inches (61 cm) and a width of almost the same amount. They can withstand the intense heat just like other aloe kinds and are hardy to zone 9a. Aloe nobilis can be watered whenever it feels dry and are simple to maintain using offsets. Its leaves can start out green before turning crimson with exposure to the sun. Because of the nectar and beauty of these plants, hummingbirds and bees are also drawn to them. Aloe nobilis has reddish to orange colored flower flowers.
24 . Aloe Vaombe
Another aloe type with lengthy, emerald-green leaves is Aloe vaombe, a perennial succulent. It does have pointed white hairs on the border, and it seems more like the inside of the leaves are curled. It can withstand various climatic conditions and adapt to temperatures above 30 °F. They stand 10 to 12 feet tall, and there are no branches anywhere in the foliage. They prefer full sun and can grow to be 4-5 feet broad. When compared to other succulent aloe, aloe vaombe requires less water. Red and purple flowers are produced by this succulent. Typically, it occurs over the winter or from late fall to early spring.
25 . Aloe andongensis
A variety of aloe vera plant in the Asphodelaceae family is called Aloe andongensis. These are particularly distinctive on their own because of how they differ from grass or onion leaves in appearance. These plants, sometimes known as grass aloe, are capable of flower production throughout the entire year. They can be discovered in the mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique. They resemble grass more than a succulent, yet they can survive under much harsher environmental circumstances. It has a height range of 25 to 30 cm.
26 . Aloe Albiflora
Another variety of aloe plant, Aloe albiflora, resembles aloe but has very long, thin leaves. The leaves appear to be narrow upward before all of them emerge at once and form a rosette-like shape. It is scarcely taller than one foot and between two and three feet wide. They enjoy both settings. It can readily grow there whether you put it in the sun or the shade. Aloe albiflora is a native of Madagascar and needs little water. They do produce white flowers, which they tend to blossom in the fall. Additionally, it can withstand temperatures of exceeding 30 °F. It may be appropriate for beds and a succulent garden.
27 . Aloe albida
Another dwarf aloe succulent species is aloe albida. They do have white flower blossoms that can bloom at the beginning of autumn. The leaves of aloe albida are distinctive because they have a blue and greenish appearance, and they form a rosette. Despite seeming unusual, the leaves are very similar to onion leaves but are more slender.
28 . Aloe comosa
Another succulent with upward-curving leaves that resembles a skirt is Aloe comosa. It has a single, sturdy stem, and the majority of the foliage grows close above it. They do have a rosette-like arrangement, and the edges of the leaves are spined. Another flowering plant native to South Africa is aloe comosa. Its leaves have a length of two feet and resemble blades. It is a member of the Asphodelaceae family and is also referred to as Clanwilliam Aloe. These plants typically bloom in the summer and can grow to a height of over 6 feet tall, however many people think they can go even taller.
29 . Aloe Juvenna
They are lovely aloe species that grow in rosette-like formation. The edges of the small leaves on these plants are spined. They only reach a height of 12 inches (30 cm), but they can spread to a height of 34 to 35 inches (61-62 cm). Aloe juvenna can withstand a low temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Fahrenheit and are hardy to zone 9a. Offsets and cuttings are the main methods of its propagation. This lovely succulent can be grown in either full sun or partial shade; it doesn’t matter to them. One thing you should keep in mind is that you must provide water for the plant regardless of the climate. They feature red-purple flowers and are native to Kenya.
30 . Aloe Dorotheae
The aloe vera plant species known as Aloe dorotheae has a short stem and rosotte structure. The leaves are big, vivid, and multicolored. These plants can stretch out to a length of 1-2 feet and grow to a height of less than one foot. They can thrive in low maintenance areas and prefer full light. The leaves typically range from yellow to orange, however at first they are green before changing color depending on the temperature. Orange-reddish blooms are indeed produced by them. Aloe dorotheae is a perennial succulent plant with flowers that is endemic to Tanzania and a member of the Asphodeloideae family.
31 . Aloe vanbalenii
32 . Aloe speciosa
Long-leaved perennial succulent Aloe speciosa grows down and forms a skirt while younger foliage grows up. It is a plant with a single stem, and its leaves form a circle when they are spread out. It features flowers that are similar to those of the red hot poker plant and are reddish-yellow-orange in color. Aloe speciosa thrives best in temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees, while they can also live over 40 degrees F. It is a product of southern Africa, most specifically the cape provinces. This plant is 10 feet tall (120 inches or 304 cm), and the longest leaf is more than 35 inches (90cm). The plant expands as it grows, becoming around 4-6 feet broad.
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Every species of aloe has unique health benefits, so before choosing one, make sure it can grow where you are. It’s also crucial to note that some individuals only want to cultivate plants that stand out and appear beautiful, so they can choose by looking at images of all the plants. Hope you now understand the solution to “Types of Aloe Plants”; if you’d want to read more articles like this, click the link below.
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