Polka Dot Plant – Benefits, Care, Leaves Curling(Hypoestes)

Polka Dot Plant – Benefits, Care, Leaves Curling(Hypoestes)

The majority of Polka Dot plants are small, extremely distinctive, and come in many colors. They are available in combinations of white and pink, green and pick, green and red, and white and green (mainly readily available). As their name implies, they have a dot pattern throughout the entire leaf, which draws many people to purchase them. Even from a distance, they appear incredibly distinctive and alluring.

Polka dot plant needs care soil with good drainage, fertilizer, and timely irrigation The roots of the indoor plant Hypoestes phyllostachya are particularly robust. They can also be grown in an outdoor garden, but you will need to prune them properly to prevent further growth. They are simple to grow, and their roots expand swiftly as well.

Many hybrids of the Polka Dot Plant have red, silver, or white spots that are covered in a dark green hue. In front of other plants, their vivid polka dot draws attention. In my opinion, choosing a Polka Dot plant with pink and green color leaf will be the finest decision because it is instantly recognizable and appears to be really cute.

They are not difficult to maintain because they have a brief lifespan, therefore take careful care of them so they can produce lovely foliage. During their first year or two of life, these plants were displayed inside homes. This plant is easily available at nurseries and online if you wish to buy it. It can also be propagated. For its attractiveness as well as for its cheery foliage, it is one of the best indoor plants that people would grow.

Indoor plants can help your home feel more natural and some of them can even improve the air quality. They are therefore fascinating as outdoor plants. Even though they grow slowly inside, they are at least removing some toxin from your home.

Let me now provide some background information on this incredible plant.

Background Details

The polka-dot plant, scientifically known as Hypoestes phyllostachya, belongs to the Acanthaceae family. The origin of the Polka Dot Plant (Hypoestes) is Madagascar, South Africa, and South East Asia. Another name for it is “freckle-face.” It has incredibly vibrant leaves. The foliage of the Polka Dot Plant is dark green with pink undertones and grows to a height of 8 to 12 inches. They often prefer to grow in both full and partial shade, but not in direct sunshine. They require superior soil, which must be wet and well-drained. The USDA growth zones are 9 and 10. 65°F or 18.333°C are both OK to it.

Don’t be disappointed if the plant doesn’t appear right away; the seeds need at least 7 to 14 days to germinate. You should plant 8 to 10 seeds per plant. It can also be propagated through cuttings.

The stem develops in a four-angled shape and has green leaves with a pattern of white or pinkish dots. Spring through September is the flowering season. This plant also goes by the names flamingo plant, measles plant, and freckle plant.

Just a small portion of your time is required to care for each plant.

Polka Dot Plant Three


single plant with polka dots


How to Grow Polka Dot Plant (Hypoestes phyllostachya)

The simplest method for growing polka dot plants is to harvest them. Remove the leaves up to 2 inches below the cut point, leaving the top leaves alone. Then, bury it in a nice, healthy soil mixture and hydrate it.

These plants are excellent for indoor environments, and you can place them on any side, even if it just receives indirect light, and they will still thrive.

These plants (Hypoestes phyllostachya) feature tiny flowers and extremely well-preserved seeds. Remember that you need to maintain the soil moist and that germination occurs at warm temperatures, which is defined as 18 to 25 °C.

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(Hypoestes phyllostachya) Polka dot Plant Care

The following information on caring for hypoestes plants includes information about light, soil, humidity, temperature, leggy conditions, and more.

You must take specific precautions when caring for polka dot plants, and the solution to the polka dot plant care Avoid placing the plant in a location that receives direct sunlight because this can cause it to grow leggy, which is an unsightly condition. Also make sure the soil is wet and well-drained. These plants benefit greatly from organic fertilizer; add some to the soil every two to three months.

Indoors, they don’t require much care, but in the winter, when temperatures below 55 degrees can cause plants to freeze, you must take care of outside plants. Only when you expose plants to sunlight will they become leggy; to remedy this, trim and pinch off the top leaves.

Here are 8 pointers for caring for polka dot plants:

Light Conditions:

In order to protect your plants’ leaves, the first thing you must do is to make sure they do not receive direct sunlight or are placed in front of it. To accomplish this, you must find a suitable location.

a place in the shade where the plant won’t be exposed to direct sunshine The leaves of your Polka Dot Plant (Hypoestes phyllostachya) may become brown if you unintentionally leave it in the sun, which indicates that they have been scorched.

If you put the plant in a pot outside, you can build a wooden shade over it to block the sun and prevent the leaves from wilting.

If you place them indoors or in your home, you must ensure that they do not receive a lot of direct sunlight. If they do, the leaves will begin to wilt and lose their lovely light green hue, which indicates that they are not receiving enough indirect sunlight.


Three to eight polka-dot plants should be kept together so that they can retain humidity. Polka Dot Plants need between 40 and 50 percent moisture to grow.

If you reside in a dry part of the United States, you can get a self-watering pot. With this type of pot, all that is required to maintain it is to pour water on its bottom layer, and it will then take the water on its own.

so that the problem of the plant’s lack of moisture can be resolved. Just bear in mind that you should periodically add water to the bottom layer when it becomes dry.

Polka dot Plant Watering

Make sure to be careful when deciding how much water should be spilled, how many days, and whether it should be done daily or once a week. Here, I will inform you of all of these issues.

The first thing I should point out to you is that the soil needs to be the right kind, where the water doesn’t stop and sink to the bottom, where it’s moist but not soggy, and where there is enough moisture retention to allow young plants to develop their roots.

Additionally, improper drying of the water might result in fungus infections or other ailments. The Polka Dot Plant’s growth is first stopped, and then the plants are slowly but surely killed. They consume the leaves in fungal infestations, turning them brown.

What needs special attention:

  • Provide water as needed.
  • Pour water until the bottom of the pot begins to leak.
  • However, you must be careful to only apply water when the soil appears to be dry.
  • Polka dot Plant Leggy

    You might be wondering what this leggy state means and how it relates to the plant. When referring to humans, leggy denotes having long legs.

    But if your neighbor, a plant specialist, unintentionally visits your home and notices that your plants are growing leggy, that indicates the section connecting the stem and the leaves has grown long, making our plant appear unsightly.

    It indicates that you did not provide sufficient care, and as a result, these plants are unable to support their own bodies and will soon become feeble. If you wish to fix it, trim the plants’ tops and prune them if their height is greater than what.

    It need to be 8–12 inches.


    If you live in one of the southern U.S. states, then these plants require a temperature of 64 to 80°F to flourish indoors. However, if you keep your Polka dot plant outdoors, then the temperature must be no lower than 54°F.

    It implies that plants could freeze to death. Therefore, you can either bring the plants inside or wear a frost blanket.

    These plants (Hypoestes phyllostachya) require your attention, but if you leave them outside they might get cold. If it gets cold enough for the plants to freeze, they won’t be able to manage it and won’t survive for very long. Therefore, keep it indoors.

    The plant develops with less water and sunlight when it is normal and moderately warm indoors.


    It is crucial to have fertilizer for a plant’s care and growth. You may start feeding fertilizer to a plant after the roots have begun to form, and it works by giving the soil the essential micronutrients that a plant needs to grow bigger and healthier.

    The Miracle-Gro liquid fertilizer is the greatest fertilizer you can use.

    Fertilizer Miracle-Gro


    How to Grow a Polka Dot Plant: Fertilizer Use

  • The lid must first be peeled off because it will be sealed. Don’t mix it with water after that; give it directly to the plant.
  • It is advised to use only half per ten square feet.
  • Mix it with 2-3 inches of dirt, being careful not to damage the root. According to the product suggestion guide, apply it every three months.
  • Check out the demonstration video on Amazon as well to avoid confusion.
  • Read the instructions carefully before applying, always.

    Common problem

    Common Issue when you neglect to examine the foliage.

    Daily pinching of leggy stems is necessary to prevent them from growing back; this issue lasts for about a year.


    Additionally, it’s crucial to have a pot or other container with enough holes for water to freely drain along with good, healthy soil.

    I might also add that adding some sand or peat moss can improve the air supply to the roots and facilitate efficient water drainage.

    Perlite can also be used to ensure that plant roots receive adequate air. To prevent your plants’ water from evaporating too quickly, use bark chips as mulch when using potting soil for your plants.

    Mulch the top layer of soil as well to prevent drying out of the soil until the proper growth takes hold.

    It improves the soil’s general health and fertility.

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    Polka dot Plant Benefits

    I’ve listed a number of advantages of hypotheses:

    Benefits of polka dot plants include its ease of portability to any location. The benefits of growing in direct sunshine produce polka-dot, vibrant, robust leaves in hypoestes. The polka-dot plants’ leaf lengthens, draws out, and turns green in low light. It soothes the mind.

    One advantage is that it radiates happiness all around you.Additionally, it adds fresh air inside, and there are other benefits like feeling relaxed, which eventually lowers blood pressure and improves brain function.

    Below are some advantages of this plant. Continue reading.

    1. We are aware that indoor plants may purify the air by removing some dangerous chemicals, which is excellent for our health as well because we need clean, healthy air for our oxygen.

    2. The joy of having plants indoors Feeling better mentally helps lessen conditions like despair and a sense of loneliness. If you spend time working with these plants, your life may eventually be even better.

    3. Using houseplants can help you become more calm and relaxed, which reduces tension and lowers blood pressure.

    4. If you have indoor plants in your home, they can help you feel more connected to nature, which will make you happier than using any medication to treat your headaches.

    5. With a joyful mood I don’t have any evidence to support this, but having some indoor plants that make you feel more at ease and tranquil will help you relax and not focus too much about life’s difficulties can help you lower your blood pressure.

    6. Brain Starts Working, by observing indoor plants, you will become inventive and motivated to act if they are wilting or feeling chilly. To fix a difficulty a plant is having, you’ll begin using your brain to perform an action that will keep your brain active. I actually seek for solutions and apply them to my plants until they are content, which makes me delighted to watch them flourish.

    Seven. The quality of your nighttime sleep improves since these plants create oxygen at night, and the more healthy oxygen you breathe, the more at ease and peaceful you feel. Over time, it will help you sleep better at night and, if you use medication, you won’t need it as much. However, if you have trouble sleeping, reading a book before bed will help.

    8. Plants can lower the amount of dust in the air by raising the humidity levels both within the home and outside. As a result, when we discuss pollution, we also include dust particles, which can be minimized by planting more trees. Additionally, increasing indoor humidity prevents dust particles from flowing and falling to the ground, which helps to clean the environment and protect you from dust.

    Polka Dot Plant Types (variety)

    This polka-dot plant is available in more than 99 different types worldwide. Each type features a unique color scheme and design.

    I’ve listed the top 7 varieties of polka-dot plants below:

    Pink velour

    They can reach a height and width of 12 inches and have a pink dot structure with green foliage.

    Red Dot

    When they develop, the pink dots cover the green section, resembling pink brocade. The only distinction is that in the pink dot version, the pinkish dots are larger.

    Pink Splash

    They feature dark green foliage with red spots, and they can reach heights and widths of up to 11 to 12 inches.


    In comparison to the first three varieties, they grow rather tall, reaching 22–24 inches and spreading about 17–18 inches. They display three colors: red, pink, rose, and white. Pink dominates the dotted structure.


    This cultivar outgrows the other four, growing to a height of 36 inches and a spread of around 15 inches. Unusual flowing colors include blue, red, pink, and purple.

    Black Splash

    As the name implies, dots have a white or cream interior and a green exterior. They reach a height and width of about 12 inches.


    This plant thrives in direct sunshine and has purple undertones.

    Polka dot plant Propagation

    If you’re wondering how to grow polka dot plants, it’s simple—you only need a cutting from an existing plant. Scissors can be used for cutting, but they must first be cleaned with a disinfectant before use. Cut the stem 4 inches from the tip, leaving 2 or 3 leaves above and below 1 to 2 inches if you see leaves, remove it as that stem will form roots, and then use a small pot with some water in it to place the plant in. Put that container somewhere with light. In a month, you will be able to see your new plant grow. Every three or five days, replace the water in the container. to allow them to obtain nutrients from fresh water. When you notice that lengthy roots have formed, place it in a soil container. I’m done now.

    Polka Dot Plant Pruning

    If you’re wondering how to prune a polka-dot plant, start at the top and don’t overdo it, but if you see many leaves coming in at once, clip that stem by about an inch. Maintain its regular height by doing it once every week. The advantage of this plant is that you can cut it, and it will regrow elsewhere. You can also utilize the cut stems to create a new polka-dot plant. If the soil becomes dry, water it. Place it close to a window so it can receive light for a half-hour or more. It requires appropriate lighting after pruning.

    For further information, visit Polka Dot Plant Pruning.


    Polka Dot Plant Fertilizer

    Polka Dot Plant Fertilizer

    One is Miracle-Gro Water Soluble All Purpose Plant Food.

    2. Fertilizer Joyful Dirt Premium

    3. the smart-release fertilizer Osmocote

    4. Fertilizer and Indoor Plant Food

    Pest and Disease

    Most polka-dot plants are housed indoors where they can receive indirect sunshine. Because of this, indoor plants seldom contract pests or diseases. Gardeners who are new to the plantation lifestyle make blunders by overwatering their plants, which leads to root rot.

    They are taught how to deal with bacterial or fungal infection, not just if the water is sufficiently dry.They frequently experience attacks from the bug known as the spider mite. It is known as the “Spider,” and it developed spiders close to the stem. And leaves, which hinder the plant’s growth. You can use neem oil spray to prevent this.

    A natural pesticide called neem is used to keep insects away from plants. Put the plant outside after spraying it to protect those who are allergic to neem oil. The greatest organic way to get rid of pests and diseases is to use this neem oil, which can be used on a wide variety of plants and shrubs. I advise buying two so you can save money.

    NEM OIL Bonide (BND022) 2


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    Polka dot plant leaves Curling

    If you check the polka-dot plant after the leaves started curling, you won’t know why it started happening in the first place. Don’t worry; I’ll explain why they exist and how to repair them.

    The reason why polka dot plants’ leaves curl, twist, or bend is that they are receiving more direct sunlight, which is having an effect on the plant’s general growth. Polka-dot plants can endure the heat for a few hours, but their leaves will eventually curl and develop dark blotches. Find a window that faces south; in low light, they will grow more vibrantly green and brilliant. Move your plants right away to an area with partial light if you see curling leaves.

    You should watch your plant to see if it is content or not because, as you are aware, they thrive in settings of filtered or partial sunshine. If this plant is exposed to bright sunshine, it will shrink, and if it is exposed to low light, it may lose its green variegation and begin to fade. They enjoy areas with some shade, and 1-2 hours of sunlight will help them flourish. However, I still advise you to think about moving the plant 2-3 times to find the optimal spot for the polka-dot plant. Then, see if the curled leaves are fixed or not. Sunlight coming in through the windows may be sufficient.

    Basic explanation for leaves curled:

  • Changing the area is advised because it might not tolerate a warm or hot environment.
  • If the pot is too small to fit the polka dot, change it.
  • We began taking care of our wonderful plants when we began to worry about them and start looking for solutions. We must take care of them in order for them to begin growing beautifully. Read More about curled leaves on polka-dot plants.

    Polka dot plant Drooping

    As you are aware, these are incredibly simple to grow but do need some care.

    The most frequent cause of drooping leaves is a condition known as legginess, in which the plant’s structure becomes unstable and the stem appears thin and unattractive. Please refer to the aforementioned article, where I accurately described leggy situations.

    The second cause can be that it wasn’t receiving enough water. These plants don’t appreciate drought conditions, so if they dried out, make sure to give them water consistently and regularly.

    The soil’s inability to dry out could be the third factor. Additionally, water is remaining for longer. The reaction was visible on the leaves and may cause the roots to decay. By placing this in partial sun and cutting it, you can treat the leggy condition.

    Polka dot plant flowers

    If you ever see one of its little blue or pinkish flowers, they will appear brighter and shiner. They are common flowers, and most people find them unattractive. Many believe that the emergence of flowers indicates that plants may be dying, although this is untrue.

    Both the bloom and the plant will endure.

    Polka dot plant Outdoors

    This plant needs well-drained soil and less fertilizer when grown outdoors. Due to the intense sunshine outside, you can get leggy conditions; in this case, pruning should be done more frequently or you should consider changing locations.

    Start trimming and growing this in a small area because it will grow bushier and more quickly outside, losing its attractiveness. Pruning also keeps plants disease-free and healthy. Learn more about maintaining polka-dot plants outside.

    Where to grow polka dot plant

    The greatest place to grow polka dot plants is inside your home, where it receives plenty of bright indirect light for growth. This plant can also be grown outdoors, but if it does, make sure to protect it from direct sunshine.

    They most likely develop unsightly, leggy stalks.

    Indoor locations are considered to have indoor plants.



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