Umbrella plant- Care, Propagation, Growing(All About Schefflera)

Umbrella plant- Care, Propagation, Growing(All About Schefflera)

Due to its lush green foliage, umbrella plant (Schefflera) or Heptapleurum is ideally suited as an attractive plant. These are among the shrubs with the highest growth rates, and umbrella plants are quite adaptable and can grow in a variety of environments. A tropical plant with a height of 5 to 6 feet is an umbrella. Mini Schefflera arbicola is the name for the smaller variants of “octopus tree,” “schefflera,” and umbrella plants. Both indoor and outdoor cultivation is possible, however interior cultivation requires pruning to avoid dealing with larger branch diameters.

I’ve included the available variegated varieties of it:

Umbrella Plant



“Variegated” Umbrella Plant


Purchase an umbrella plant on Etsy

Purchase an umbrella plant on Amazon

Overview of umbrella plants

Binomial nameSchefflera
Common NameUmbrella Plant, Starleaf, dwarf umbrella tree ,Octopus Tree, Schefflera, umbrella tree, Australian Ivy Palm
SynonymHeptapleurum arboricolum
Plant TypeEvergreen shrub
NativeTaiwan, Australia, Hainan
Height4-13 feet tall, 20-30 feet Outdoors
Width2-5 feet
USDA hardinessZone 10,11
SoilWell drained , Fertile, Moist
Flower BloomSummer(rare)
FertilizerLiquid based
WateringFew Times Based on Location
LightIndirect bright Light
Flower ColorRed, white, pink
ToxicityYes, They are Poisonous

Umbrella plant care

In order to prevent root rot, umbrella plants need healthy soil that can provide greater drainage. The soil should not harm the roots and should effectively drain water. Once they reach a certain size, they are grown in substantial pots. If they were well-fed and grew to be rather large, they require repotting every two to three years. Its care can be difficult to water because they don’t want to stay in water for too long, but they can readily withstand drought conditions. Caring is simple if you read everything it needs to grow.


The optimal soil for growing umbrella plants is damp, but not wet, as this promotes growth. Additionally, it can adapt to dry days when you neglected to water it. These plants are forgiving since you may deprive them of water for one to two weeks without them being angry with them, but don’t do that.

However, over watering could harm the plant’s overall growth and cause root rot issues, which could result in part of the leaves turning yellow or dull. Additionally, as you are aware, as a plant grows and matures, it requires more water. During the winter, you simply need to keep in mind that this is not the case and to only water the plant when the soil seems dry.

Here, a general rule of thumb you may use is to always examine the soil about 1-2 inches down; if it’s still moist there, don’t water. They typically need water once a week, and if you live in a colder climate, the time between waterings may be longer than 10 days or even longer depending on where you reside. Because of the lack of light in cold climates, plants that grow there frequently experience difficulties.

You should water your plants more frequently if your home is warm and has adequate light, as this will meet their needs.


Find a spot with no direct sunshine, but with indirect partial light that affects the plant’s foliage without harming it if you want the greatest results and a healthy plant. It will grow tall and bushy with a straight trunk if given the ideal setting. Inside the house, it is quite lovely and reminds us of the real tree.

Even in areas that are dimly lit and have some darkness, Schefflera can still grow. One thing to keep in mind is that the growth rate won’t increase suddenly; rather, it will rise more slowly. Even this plant will grow lanky in its subsequent search for light, necessitating pruning. If you don’t, the plant’s structure will become unstable and it will bend and lean toward the direction where the light is coming from.

To ensure that every side of your plant receives enough light and can avoid legginess in the event of low or no light, you must rotate your plant every three days.

The best option is to put it in morning sunlight, which is 3–4 hours of direct sunlight and is something this plant can easily tolerate. You’ll see its positive growth. At the same time, if it was exposed to extremely hot sun, it may burn and destroy the foliage.


The growth of scheffleras or umbrella plants might slow down in the winter. This plant would do best in a temperature range of 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. While the usual green form of this plant prefers slightly warmer temperatures, the variegated variety thrives in high temperatures.


During the growing season, umbrella plants begin to expand and you might notice a lot of leaves emerging. During this time, you should give them enough fertilizer to support their weekly growth and vigor. The Schefflera plant can be fed any common plant food. Before using any form of fertilizer, read the directions.

You shouldn’t use this in the winter because plants are dormant during that time and don’t respond to many things, even less watering. Stop trying to feed it right now because they have reached this height and won’t leap anyone until the new season arrives.


These plants can thrive in low to medium humidity, therefore keeping them indoors will be ideal for them. However, a high humidity level can make this plant more susceptible to pests like scale or spider mites.

Growth Rate

If given enough light, water, and protection from disease and pest infestation, an umbrella plant can easily grow to a height of 3 feet per year. However, for maintenance purposes, it is occasionally clipped to create more green foliage. Give this plant plenty of bright light, and it will likewise grow extremely quickly.


Even though umbrella plants are known for their enormous size, these plants thrive in small containers. You will need to repot the plant and add more potting soil if you wish to cultivate them in your yard outside. Additionally, after they grow tall and have so many leaves covering the trunk/main stem, they require repotting every two to three years.

Repotting a young umbrella requires a larger-sized container that is slightly larger than necessary to support the weight and provide room for the plant. Additionally, you can take out the top layer of sand from the old container and replace it with fresh soil mixed with compost. It will replenish the soil and improve the nutrients. Even though you can use new soil for the entire plant, I’m simply letting you know that if your soil is sound and undamaged, you can use it.

Utilizing a regular organic compost will enrich the soil with valuable nutrients and help your plant produce more vibrant foliage color. After repotting, you won’t need fertilizer for the following three to four months because most compost already has all the essential nutrients that plants require.

How to Propagate umbrella plant

The first step in propagating an umbrella plant or a schefflera is to cut a healthy, disease-free stem with a decent cutting tool. Decide which stem you wish to cut by carefully examining the plant’s stems. Cutting the stem slightly above the point where the other branches are growing is all that is required for simple propagation. In this manner, both your stem cutting and the branch node from which it will grow again are obtained.

Umbrella plant propagation steps are as follows:

1 .  Find a healthy Main Stem.

Choose a stem that is free of any bacterial or other diseases. To prevent the new plant from being harmed by the old stem, this is done.

2 . For Propagation , Use a clean and sterilized Cutting tool.

You must use a clean cutting instrument; otherwise, the bacteria or microorganisms in the scissor or cutting tool will adhere to the current stem and the newly cut stem. Utilize rubbing alcohol to clean it.

3 . Cut about 10-14 inch stems.

Long stems are preferable since they have more nodes like this from which to produce roots.

4 . plant it in a potting soil.

Put the clipping directly into the pot with potting soil. As roots will grow from nodes, it is better to sow the seed deeply.

5  . Water it and enjoy.

It is now time to water the umbrella plant. Fill the pot with water until the water drains from the holes. Check the soil each day to see whether it becomes dry. The majority of the time, soil must be damp for roots to germinate.

Please watch the video to see the propagation process in more detail.

Umbrella Plant Pruning

Umbrella or Schefflera plant To prune, you’ll need a pair of sharp scissors or another cutting tool. Depending on your needs and how big you want your umbrella to be, you can remove the branches or leaves. Now that you have scissors, clean and sanitize them so that no bacteria can adhere to your plant. Pruning an umbrella plant is simple, and even if you make a mistake, it will still regrow naturally and elegantly. All you need to know is how much to prune it to make it look good.

The following are the steps for cutting a Schefflera plant:

1 . Decide how much you want to trim it.

You should have an idea of how big you want it to be. If your tiny umbrella plant is growing indoors, cut it back 6 to 8 inches; if it’s outside, cut it back 12 to 15 inches. But with an umbrella, you can essentially choose how tall you want it to be. Some people keep their indoor plants’ length shorter, while others grow them larger and prune them far less.

2 . Find and prune the infected or Diseased stems or leaves.

Find any pale or sick leaves in this phase, as well as any stems that appear unhealthy and have diseased appearances. Cut those off, then check to see if any leaves are still present.

3 . Cut the Stem just above the leaf node.

Although cutting the stem can be challenging, keep in mind that you must do so immediately above a branch (or leaf node) to allow for future growth. New branches will start to sprout there, and ultimately this shrub or tree will start to grow once more.

4 . Water it.

To help it recuperate from the trauma of trimming, water it.

5 . Enjoy.

Thank you, Now that your plant is healthy, give it additional attention when you notice bulky, compact branches and stems.


Because it was a smaller form of the larger umbrella palm tree, this tree is also known as the dwarf umbrella tree. Schefflera arboricola is the scientific name for this plant, which belongs to the Araliaceae family.

These low-maintenance, simple-to-grow shrubs can be grown whether you want green foliage inside or outside your home. Although these bushes or trees don’t have flowers, there are numerous types with interesting leaf patterns.

Let me describe the variety known as S.actinophylla, which is a tree that is approximately 6-12 tall in height and has red or pink to red colored blossoms, to make you aware of both its tiny and tree size varieties. The other variation is known as S.arboricola, and it is a tiny shrub that can reach heights of 3–4 meters. Flowers on it range from green to yellow. [1].

Types of Umbrella Plants

The three most common varieties of umbrella plants are S. arboricola, Variegated (Gold capella), and S. actinophylla. If you’re not sure which kind of umbrella plant to choose, start with the basic variety, which is a dwarf schefflera or umbrella tree. All umbrella plant variations have a similar appearance, but caring for them is the same and simple. The subject of this article is a tree. You can save it for later reading since I’ll be updating the content on this one.

Let’s discuss the other 2 types:

Gold capella

This cultivar is well-known for its green or golden-yellow foliage. Compared to other varieties, it is simpler to cultivate and maintain. USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11 allow it to flourish. The maintenance requirements are the same as for an umbrella plant, and it can grow successfully indoors or outdoors.

Schefflera actinophylla

It grows naturally in Java and New Guinea in addition to Australia’s north-eastern region. It also goes by the names Australian umbrella tree, amate, and octopus tree. This tree has a height of 13 to 15 meters, and it blooms beautifully.

Umbrella Plant Outdoors

These plants thrive in a shaded environment with 1-4 hours of morning sunlight before midday.If you live in a tropical climate region, outdoor gardening is the greatest alternative because it may provide plants with a natural growing environment and they thrive there better. Because outside plants receive a lot of sunshine and can’t withstand it for very long or the entire day, they sometimes have problems like leaf yellowing. Perlite-containing soil with good drainage can be used as a growing medium, but keep other plants away from this one. The likelihood of root rot increases if your soil is moist most of the time. It needs fertilizer during the springtime. Jack’s Classic All-Purpose Fertilizer is usable. This plant, which is a larger variant of the umbrella tree, may spread out to a width of about 10 feet, so you should allow it room. It also becomes approximately 11 to 15 feet tall.

Umbrella Plant Indoor

Umbrella Plant Indoor

Plants can be grown indoors or outside depending on the temperature that is being discussed. Tropical plants like umbrellas require both heat and a medium humidity level. Plants can suffer damage in rooms exposed to direct sunlight or in rooms with air conditioners running the entire time. Find a spot with moderate heat and humidity because these plants won’t survive in extreme humidity and heat. If you turn the heating and air conditioner off, you typically find that in every room. If you see that this plant’s leaves are falling off, move it as soon as you can since it requires a warm area to reside and is feeling quite chilly.

Regular potting soil works best for growing it, and the foliage stays greener all year. Moist soil can help plants thrive while they are young. In dampness, roots can develop more quickly. Drinking holes should be included in the container so that water can escape and stop remaining.

It has a sturdy stem, which it needed sufficient fertilizer to develop. If you’ve ever heard, they are renowned for being heavy feeders. You can use an all-purpose fertilizer to provide this plant with all the necessary micronutrients. How often is fertilizer used? When they are in the growth stage, this can be given every two to three weeks.

You can move them to a new pot when they get big, but the new pot needs to be a little bigger than the old one.Repotting is necessary for umbrella plants once a year, but you can also prune them more frequently to control their indoor development. Additionally, if you don’t disclose it, they will still prosper, albeit slowly.

Umbrella Plant Propagation in Water

propagating umbrella plants in As you may be aware, stem cuttings can be grown in water, and the cutting will essentially start to create roots. The only thing you need to do is change the water more frequently and move the stem once the roots start to appear. Those that cultivate it in water are aware that the roots that develop there are more brittle and receive less nutrition. While the soil-based roots receive more nutrients that can aid in their growth. Always display it in soil as roots start to develop because these are not water-growing plants, so switching out the prospering medium is possible. However, as long as you return it to the soil, they will survive.

Umbrella plant toxic to cats and dogs

The umbrella plant is poisonous to cats, dogs, and people, according to NC State University and the ASPCA, and may cause symptoms like tingling in the mouth, vomiting, lack of coordination, and numbness. Skin irritation is another consequence that might occur. The leaves and sap/juice of this shrub or tree are dangerous; if you need assistance, please call the hospital or animal clinic that is closest to you. As you may be aware, a lot of websites fail to cite the authority or government sources that claim to be able to determine whether a plant is harmful or not.

Umbrella Plant Yellow leaves

leafy umbrella plant First, it might receive too much sunshine, and this plant isn’t made for prolonged sun exposure, which is why it is turning yellow. You must provide them with water and keep them moist when there is intense sunlight. However, because they are primarily partial shade plants, they can survive morning light, strong winds, and dry soil conditions.

These plants require watering and placement in a partially shaded area because they enjoy being damp during the growing season. These plants are affected by the sun and can turn their leaves yellow if you are growing them in an outdoor container. If you are, check the location and how much sunlight it receives daily.

There are instances of individuals putting them indoors near a window, which is unquestionably the greatest place as it only receives sporadic sunshine. However, window glass can provide twice as much light exposure, which could burn the umbrella plant’s leaves. There will be some yellow patches where it receives the most light if the burn was caused by the sun. These yellow to brown leaves won’t continue to grow and will eventually fall.

The fact that this is not getting enough sunshine each day could be the second-most important factor. The most frequent occurrence in these plants is that their leaves will turn yellow if they are left in a spot with little light for several days. Some people claim that placing them near a south, east, or west window will provide adequate sunshine. I advise you to examine which room or window receives roughly 2–5 hours of sunlight before placing them there. A curtain can be used as a filter to shade the region and exclude light, which prevents plants from being unhappy and preventing them from performing photosynthesis effectively. Another alternative for lighting indoors is to use fluorescent lights, which can supply enough light for a day.

There are two further reasons, although they did not apply to these plants; however, I shall explain them. The first is not giving plants the right care they need, such as adequate water, well-drained soil, no heavy water, etc. Containers are tied with roots, preventing second roots from having room to grow. Repot it as soon as you realize there may be a problem if the container is only left with roots and no soil.

Umbrella Plant Dropping leaves

There are two causes of umbrella plant leaves drooping: either you’re giving them too much water or not enough water for their roots. Wait until the following day if you notice that the soil surface is wet since you need to minimize the watering. And if you notice that the soil is dry, give them more frequent watering. Give the liquid fertilizer mentioned above if you notice pale leaves, as this may indicate a fertilizer shortage. This might provide a solution.

Do you have a plant which needs Umbrella Planter?

A Umbrella planter is a requirement if you have vines or succulent plants because it adds beauty to your home or garden. They are made especially for this type of plant. There are several plants that can grow there, such as the heart-shaped, turtle-shaped, and dolphin-shaped plants.

Check the price of an umbrella planter on Amazon.


Do umbrella plants need sunlight?

No, umbrella plants don’t require direct sunshine; instead, they flourish best in indirect light. Although they may endure moderate direct light for a few hours indoors, if they are exposed to excessive amounts, leaves may burn. If they receive insufficient light, the plant will become leggy and grow more slowly than before. In low humidity situations where it’s too dry and spider mites or scales can easily infect, umbrella plants do suffer from pest infestations. However, you can still apply pesticide for the purpose if that occurs.

Why are my umbrella plant leaves turning yellow?

The most frequent and discussed cause of umbrella plants’ leaves turning yellow is a lack of intense indirect light, especially if the issue can result in lanky growth. These plants often require adequate indoor lighting; if your area doesn’t offer it with enough light, the leaves may yellow. Artificial fluorescent lighting can provide the additional light the plant needs to solve this issue. Yellowing should not be ignored because it is cause for alarm.

Should you cut yellow leaves off plants?

If your plant is unpleasant and unattractive, you can simply trim the yellow leaves off. Otherwise, any plant growing on the globe could experience it without it being a major problem. If the issue is brought on by excessive watering or light, take immediate action to address both problems.

How do I make my umbrella plant bushy?

You can make the Schefflera or umbrella plant bushier by pruning it. To make this plant more dense, start by trimming the topmost stems for around 2 cm. You can also remove the withered and dated greenery. To improve the plant’s general growth, make sure to prune it strategically.

Why is my umbrella plant turning black?

In addition to the cold environment turning an umbrella plant black, there are other possible causes, such as excessive humidity, which can lead to additional pest-related problems, and rotting of the root system as a result of overwatering. If your problem involves leaves that are fading and becoming brown, there may be a water problem.



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